Attachment and Reunification

Building Parental Skills

About the Course:

For children whose parental bonds have already been disrupted by the effects of drugs, alcohol, and poverty, incarceration represents a major disturbance to child/caregiver attachment, leaving these children vulnerable to the development of future behavioral and psychological adjustment problems. This publication addresses the building of parental skills within justice-involved women with co-occurring disorders.


The GAINS Center

Publication Date:

September, 2002


Andrea Karfgin, Ph.D.

About the Author:

Andrea Karfgin, Ph.D., is associated with the National GAINS Center for People With Co-Occurring Disorders in the Justice System, a national center for the collection and dissemination of information about effective mental health and substance abuse services for people with co-occurring disorders who come in contact with the justice system.

Recommended For:

This course is recommended for health care professionals, especially addiction counselors, psychologists, mental health counselors, social workers, and nurses who seek knowledge about building parental skills within justice-involved women with co-occurring disorders. It is appropriate for all levels of participants’ knowledge.

Course Objectives:

  1. Explain the normal development of attachment bonds between children and their caretakers and factors that can disrupt the process.

  2. Identify issues to be addressed in parental skill-building programs for women with co-occurring disorders involved with the justice system.

  3. Describe promising programs that address the issues of parental attachment and reunification for justice-involved women.

Exam Questions

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